Injury Demographics

The rising cost of health care is in the US is unsustainable. There is considerable evidence regarding the association between lower socioeconomic status and increased risk of morbidity and mortality among children and adults (Birken & MacArthur, 2004). Factors associated with this risk include poverty level for a specific geographic region.

The purpose of this analysis is to identify a potential association between motor vehicle accidents, homicides, injuries and suicides based on poverty rates for each county and state.

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Data Sources

Community Health Status Indicators (data released 2009)

Note: Because the number of events for an indicator may be too small to report for a county for any single year, data were aggregated over several years (3, 5 or 10 years depending on county population) for the measures of birth and death to increase the number of counties with available data. Data was aggregated for counties that have a population size less than 25,000 from years 1996-2005. Counties with a population between 25,000 and 99,999 include data that was aggregated from years 2001-2005. Finally, counties that have a population size greater than 100,000 include data that was aggregated from years 2003-2005. Death rates were age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard calculated by the Health Resources and Services Administration. Mortality data were from the National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, 1996–2005 for the ICD-9/ICD-10 codes listed after each variable.

Defining the Columns

A blank entry indicates unreported data. A value of zero is a defined value and does not represent unreported data.

State: The abbreviated name of the state where the county is located

County: The name of the county where the information was collected. County names are listed as provided on the United States Census Bureau's list of 2010 FIPS Codes for Counties and County Equivalient Entities

Population Size: The total number of individuals residing in the county

Motor Vehicle Accidents: An estimate of the number of accidents (unintentional injuries) resulting from motor vehicle accidents, other transport accidents and all other non-transport accidents per 100,000 population

Accidental Deaths: An estimate of the number of deaths due to all accidents (unintentional injuries) not related to motor vehicle accidents per 100,000 population

Homicides: An estimate of the number deaths due to homicide per 100,000 population

Suicides: An estimate of the number deaths due to intentional self harm per 100,000 population

Total Deaths: An estimate of the total number of deaths per 100,000 population

Total Births: An estimate of the total number of births per 100,000 population

Uninsured: The estimated number of individuals in the county under age 65 without health insurance. Data is from the Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) Program from 2006

Poverty Rate: The percentage of the total population who fall below the poverty level obtained from Small Area Income Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) in 2008

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