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HIE Privacy and Security Overview and Resource List

December 2012
Author: 
National Rural Health Resource Center (The Center)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) is the legal framework for the privacy and security of protected health information (PHI) or electronic protected health information (EPHI). When covered entities and other participants exchange EPHI, the actual exchange of information may be facilitated and even enhanced if all participants adopt and adhere to the same or consistent safeguard policies and procedures. The privacy and security requirements for organizations participating in an HIE are covered in this guide. A list of HIPAA-related resources is also included for staying current on regulatory changes.